Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP)
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Section 404 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster and Emergency Assistance Act of 1988 established the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP). The purpose of the program is to provide funds to State agencies and local governments in the aftermath of a disaster for projects that reduce or eliminate the long-term risk to human life and property from the effects of natural hazards. The program enables mitigation measures identified in state and local mitigation plans to be implemented during the recovery from a disaster. HMGP funding is allocated based on a formula percentage of the Stafford Act Assistance received. Georgia's Enhanced Plan approval allows for the State to receive 20% of the estimated aggregate amounts of disaster assistance. This is one-third more than States without Enhanced Plan status.
The Federal share of HMGP funding can not exceed 75% of the total eligible project cost. For declared counties, the State provides 10% of the overall project cost. The remaining non-federal share may be met with cash, contributions, certain other grants such as Community Development Block Grants, or with in-kind services.
HMGP Application Process
The HMGP is administered within the State of Georgia by the Georgia Emergency Management Agency (GEMA). GEMA Hazard Mitigation Staff offers technical assistance to local governments for project identification and application preparation. All applications start with the completion of a pre-application which are available by project type as shown on the right side of this web page. GEMA is also responsible for the review, prioritization, and funding recommendation of eligible projects to the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). FEMA is responsible for making all final funding decisions on eligible projects.
Following a presidential disaster declaration, GEMA advertises for HMGP grant applications.
Applicants who are eligible to apply for Hazard Mitigation Grants are:
Public agencies, including State and local governments; and
Certain private non-profit organizations or institutions that provide essential services to the general public.
Applicants must have a federally approved mitigation plan to be eligible for HMGP funds.
Eligible Project Criteria
To be eligible for funding, a project must meet the following minimum standards:
Conform to the State's hazard mitigation plan;
Conform to the requirements of floodplain management and protection of wetlands (44CFR Part 9, and Executive Orders 11988 and 11990);
Conform to environmental regulations (44CFR part 10) and to the requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act and all other Federal, State, and local environmental regulations;
Address a repetitive hazard in the project area, or one that poses a significant risk to life and property, and provides a long term or permanent solution to reducing the threat from the hazard;
Be cost-effective (the reduced future damages discounted to present value should exceed the initial project cost);
Be the most practical and environmentally sound alternative after considering a range of options;
Projects must be located in communities that participate in the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) and are also in good standing in the NFIP.
Projects may be of any nature that result in protection of life and property. All proposed projects meeting the above criteria will be considered. Projects that merely identify problems are not eligible. Although hazard mitigation encompasses every aspect of emergency management from preparedness to response to recovery, the intent of Congress in creating this program was to fund projects that eliminate the need to prepare, respond, and recover from natural disasters, thereby reducing Federal expenditures on future disaster events.
Examples of eligible projects include, but are not limited to:
1. Warning systems with mitigation as an essential component.
2. Projects to promote the use of safe room designs in tornado prone areas.
3. Retrofitting methods such as elevation in place, structure relocation, structural reinforcement (wind and seismic), strapping of utilities, installation of storm shutters, tie downs, etc.;
4. Acquisition of property and/or relocation of homes, businesses, and public facilities;
5. Development of State or local standards with implementation as an essential component;
6. Structural hazard control or protection measures such as flood walls, detention basins and other storm drainage upgrades; and
7. Generators that protect a critical facility.
Other Eligible Project Types
1. Development of State or local plans that meet DMA2K requirements.
Additional information about the HMGP is available on FEMA’s website at: